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Renewables & Fossil Fuels: Overviews

Gas will be a long term backup.

Can Renewables provide reliable electricity with 80% renewables by 2050?
The USA has done a hugely important study of the question. The answer is YES but the effort required is extraordinary and continent wide. Meanwhile, the EU and China are building such systems without a clear plan of where they are going.

A full set of NREL reports - about 1000 pages - is available here in Renewables Reports. Papers which are more specific on separate technologies, including Coal & Global Warming have separate listings. Some references may be repeated for your convenience.

Analysis of real data is essential to understanding the performance of all these systems. The industry does very little of this for the public and usually ignores or simply denies any objections.

The situation is quite polarised, so we label these reports as mainly Against or mainly For.

There are many further discussions to be found on the Politics and Economics Avenues.
Hugh Sharman showed the real economics of Danish Wind, 2005.
EU data illustrates problems of intermittency, fossil fuelled backup, and backup grids.
National Renewables Energy Lab study of optimised 80% renewables electricity by 2050
Analysisi of all energy systems and comparative costs.
Edinburgh statistician finds UK onshore wind farm performance declines from 24% to 11% in 15 years.
Australian view of Wind Industry. Broadcast by Angela Kelly,
Green UK jobs are mythical. GWDF is a corporate funded anti-global warming charity.
Covers reported studies around the world for RE deployment. There are large variations in expectations.
Hopefull estimates
Key planning resource for wind farmers.
Aiming for an emissions target which is now unattainable.
WWWF, Ecofys and others scope a 100% renewables future.
Spain has now slashed subsdies for renewables. Many are bankrupt.