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Views of Fusion Futures

These papers are at the high end of the technical spectrum. We show a wide range of systems and the engineering problems which arise.
There are great opportunities for innovation and invention in creating systems which will stand the tests for commercialisation. The efforts need career length expertise in chemistry, materials, design, hydraulics, neutronics, control, computation, experimentation and testing. across this century.
Many Hybrid studies assume that the ITER project has successfully met all its materials and engineering goals. This is a 500MW Fusion reactor supposed to lead to a 3000MW commercial scale Power reactor. Using a 3000MW Fusion core gives monumental options for all the Hybrid applications.
Others believe that machines smaller than ITER can serve to run Hybrids at a more practical level and with fear engineering problems.

ITER underpins molten salt blanket development crucial to Hybrid reactors.
Blankets can use cooled solid fuel asemblies or Molten Salt as Fission reactor partner.
Joint US-China study of technology development.
A useful analysis. Hybrids with a fast neutron spectrum would do well.
Lithium breeds Tritium, Lead fissions to make neuttrons, and Helium cools a Plutonium breeding layer.
Computer modelling of breeder blankets at various scales.
Neutrons damage the first wall of the plasma chamber.
3.5 tonnes/year of Plutonium can be produced ib massive Fusion reactor. Interesting but excessive.