WELCOME TO 5 ENERGY SITES,
6 Twitter Sites &
A YouTube Video portfolio.
This is really five energy sites in one, covering the Avenues of Fusion, Nuclear, Renewables & Fossil Fuels, and the Economics and Politics of Energy. The site is designed as an information city, so 'Home' is this page, EfN Square which runs all the Admin services linked on the left.
The Starter Menu shows pictorial links to all the Avenues and sections.
We have now published our first Nuclear Energy Course about the Uranium problem for the Open Fuel Cycle.
Special EfN Services
You may Publish your own work on this site.
You may view the latest Twitterings from our own sites
@EfNFus, @EfNnuc, @EfNren, @EfNecon, @EfNpol
To become an active contributor you should Join EfN-UK. E-mail is better for non-public discussion and organising events and speakers.
You may vote on or suggest Site Visits to energy sites, companies, or other events so members can meet on a regional basis.
A BRIEF BRIEFING
Fusion Energy: Fusion is no longer 40 years away. Useful Small reactors can be built with existing technologies to accelerate future developments by 20 years. Hybrid Fusion-Fission systems will operate as fail- safe fast reactors.
Nuclear Fission: The latest reactors are far safer than the old US reactors around the world. Even a meltdown should have no environmental effects outside the reactor buildings.
China leads the world in the deployment of reactors. South Korea, India and Russia are selling and building reactors fast enough to produce a 25-100% increase in nuclear production by 2030.
Recycling makes deep disposal on geological timescales unnecessary. We should close the fuel cycles, not the reactors.
Renewables & Fossil Fuels: Wind and Solar energy need 100% backup available for when they fail to deliver, due to weather conditions.The times when this is required are reduced by larger and more widespread deployment, connected across a continent by backup grids. But this only increases the idle time of the 100% backup. This is why we discuss Fossil Fuels and Renewables on the same venue.
An important new US study shows that quite reliable electricity can be supplied by an 80% renewables mix, but the requirements are quite extraordinary. Two matching systems of Renewables and Backup by Fossil plus Hydro plus Energy Storage must be built. It is unlikely that this can be applied on a global basis.
The Economics of Energy:
The cost of energy systems affects the overall wealth of an economy. Finance for large capital expenditures is a core issue. The Innovations needed to develop new energy systems are mostly government funded as industry cannot afford the risks of very long term research. The Energy Markets determine the actual daily costs of electricity, heating and transport. Resources of fuels and materials must be constantly found and exploited. The resources bases for fossil fuels will only last one to three 100 years at the present rates of consumption.
The Politics of Energy
Renewables offer the chance for new emissions free energy sources as government research funding is not needed. As renewable energy is far more expensive the governments must choose to legislate for large subsidies, funded by the population, and elaborate regulatory management. The Politics of Nuclear Energy is more focussed on nuclear weapons than the realities of civilian nuclear power. As renewables prove more invasive and expensive there has been a political retreat to Coal as the base load provider
The technocratic government of China is outperforming governments run by untechnical bureaucratic governments. Their frequent statement is that if enough people demand things and will vote for them then the government will take action. This is not leadership.
Nuclear Weapons and Civilian Nuclear Power.
The problem of Nuclear Weapons and the fears generated is a political problem. It also colours the government handling of civilian nuclear power. These topics are discussed on the Political Avenue.
We will attempt to clarify the energy services that millions of citizens should demand and how to make the wishes evident.
The daisy has a Deuterium stalk, with one red proton and one green neutron. It is attached to a Tritium blossom, with one red proton and two neutrons. This represents the Fusion D-T reaction, 2+3 =>5 => 4 +1 . The numbers are shown in the 'grass'. 235 also happen to be the mass of the fissile Uranium fuel, U-235. Just numerology here, but fusion and fission are entangled.